Agricultural Revolution in Korea

Agricultural Revolution in Korea

“Agriculture” is an inevitable part of our lives. It has not only fed the hungry stomachs of mankind since ages, but has also generated a source to earn living for human civilization. It is the Science of farming that undertakes cultivation of lands to raise crops along with animal rearing to generate wool, milk, eggs, meat and numerous other products.

 

But with shooting population, it became increasingly difficult to curb the increasing need of agricultural products to quench the hunger and needs of entire population.

That was when came in KOREAN AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION, which made the era witness a drastic change in agriculture. New discoveries, inventions and technologies, helped change the production and took it to a new level. Agricultural Revolution has 3 domains viz.- mechanical revolution, chemical revolution and biological revolution.

 

GREEN REVOLUTION- It started in 1960s and included a set of research and developedtechnological initiatives that multiplied agricultural yield. Chemical fertilizers, agro chemicals, new methods of cultivation are some of the technologies that were adopted.

 

WHITE REVOLUTION- Itsourced the introduction to increased milk production and encouraged dairy farmers to keep more animals to increase the production of milk.

 

Korean Agricultural Revolution was to increase the food production through improved breeding system and agricultural infrastructure. Such developments were indespensable to expand protected cultivation.

In South Korea, green revolution addressed development and dissemination of new rice variety- TONGIL rice and rapidly increased rice yield in the year 1970. Seoul achieved a rice price structure that was five times that of the world market in 1987.

But it was not just Agricultural Revolution that came under the umbrella of green revolution in Korea, rather the roots of the revolution extended themselves beyond that as well. It was a dual green revolution in Korea that took into account both Reforestation and Agricultural objectives.

 

In 1970s, Korea’s revolution was closely associated to agricultural revolution in several ways. So green revolution linked double feature of agriculture and forestry. It was initiated by Scientific research, yet accomplished by administrative mobilization of President Park Chung Hee’sregime.

However, South Korean White Revolution referred to extensive use of plastic films for greenhouses, mulching and polytunnels. Due to this, green fields turned white, to keep large stretches of areas under agricultural lands under protection.

 

Here, white revolution was unlike the classical white revolution; it was rather analogous to green revolution. The term came from structure, material and technology of greenhouses that were neededto expand cultivation and hence meet the population requirements.

Scientists and researchers played a major role in collaborating to improve and standardise greenhouse structure. These practices led to discovery of new seed varieties as well, to grow crops with higher yields.

 

Results of Korean agricultural revolution

 

As a result, Korean Agricultural Revolution was a means to meet the need of curbing growth in food demand. Along with it, it persuaded scientists and researchers to come up with new discoveries in the field of Agriculture. New machines, fertilizers and various new field techniques were some of them.

 

So Korean Agricultural Revolution has not only facilitated with increased harvest. Maximum the utility of land, and enhanced the quality of crops to provide better nutrition a were by products of it. Hence it sustains current civilization with a better health and today.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.