Natural Resources of South Korea

Natural Resources of South Korea

Natural resources are the resources that subside without human actions required. They include all the valued components like magnetic, gravitational and electrical properties. A natural resource may also exist as a separate entity like fresh water, living organisms such as fish, air. It may also exist in alternative forms like metal ores, rare metals, petroleum and energy forms. South Korean natural resource (s) are not much.

South Korea is located on the southern  half of Korean peninsula (East Asia). Democratic people’s republic of Korea (North Korea) borders it. South Korea was declared as modern nation in 1948. Since then it has become world’s most productive economies.



South Korea was once densely forested. But now, forests have been largely stripped off, especially near urban areas. However, a reforestation program is currently going on!




Climate is another important natural resource for any country. Hence, it makes up an important Korean natural resource. In contrast, there exist long winters in the northwest.

Seoul’s average temperature in January is about -5°C. As compared to winters, summers are short and hot as well. The average temperature for summers is 27°C.

As far as the southwest is concerned, winters are much milder over there.




Central mountains cover a huge part of central and eastern South Korea. Sobaek mountains and southern half of T’aebaek mountains are two of them. Mountains make Important Korean  natural resource.

Though mountains cover huge land area, yet most cities and farms are located on fertile plains. These fertile plains include Southwestern plain covering western half and Southern plain along south coast.

Cheju, largest island, has South Korea’s highest peak (Halla San). It rises 6,398 feet.

Cheju is known as the Asian Hawaii.



Rivers and Water resources

Water is indespensable to human existence. Henceforth, of course water makes an important Korean natural resource.

Two grand branches of the Pacific ocean surround Korean peninsula. These are Yellow sea to the west and Sea of Japan to the east.The three main rivers of South Korea are Kum, Han and Naktong.






Food is another important natural resource. Human Civilization can not thrive with hunger stuck stomachs. To have a successful economy and development, quenched hunger is necessary. Hence, undoubtedly food is important South Korean natural resource.

Rice is the staple diet of South Korea. While besides rice, fish and sea food are consumed on a large scale as well.

Some other commonly consumed dishes include Kimchi (pickled cabbage), Mandu (meat filled dumplings). Kuksu (noodles) are of course must to mention here.

People in South Korea fufil Protein consumption from Bean curd (made with soybeans).

Rice and Kimchi make up the main elements of everyday meal.




Mineral Resources

Mineral resources comprise an important part of South Korean natural resource. South Korea is a leading global producer of cadmium, slab zinc and steel. It is a leading producer of refined copper, cement, zeolites, pyrophyllite and talc.

South Korea’s mining industries consist of some well- developed and technologically advanced. POSCO, Hyundai steel, Poingsan Corp, KORES, Dongkuk steel are some of the top industries of South Korea.



Though South Korea is not that rich in natural resources, it is a developed country. The per capita GDP is $34,549. It meets developed country criteria. An impressive life expectancy of 81 years and low infant mortality rate also make the country worth being a developed nation.




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