A garden hedge is a special kind of barrier built from living plants. Most hedges are planted as a privacy screen or a windbreak, though they can also be used to control erosion, add structure and style to a formal garden, or for many other decorative and functional purposes. Most plants used for hedges grow quickly and are cut into particular shapes, such as a box or globe shape. They need to be resilient to pruning and very bushy.
Laurel hedging is one of the most classic hedging plants. They’re often seen as high as Ten feet tall, making a thick and impermeable barrier around a formal English garden or backyard. These plants are one of the largest traditional hedge plants available and grow rapidly. The plants feature plenty of shiny green leaves. Laurel hedging is the best choice for security and privacy hedges. Laurel plants require plenty of frequent prunings, but will take a variety of shapes terribly well.
The immensely tall, fast growing leylandii tree is also well known for a less dense but lovely privacy garden hedge. The leylandii is more commonly called the Leyland Cyprus. It’s a dark evergreen tree and will reach heights of Sixty feet and widths of up to Fifteen ft in as little as 20 years. Leylandii plants will be trained to grow together in a comparatively tightly woven hedge, but leave more of a gap between the bottom of the hedge and the ground than laurel hedges do. They additionally will be overwhelming for owners who are not able to regularly prune them.
Yew is another evergreen plant that’s toxic for kids and pets however can be trained to grow in hedges. Boxwood plants feature tiny green leaves that are evergreen, but don’t grow as rapidly as laurel or leylandii. Hedging plants should be in a position to be trained to grow in shapes, or at least along in a general screen, to offer the advantages of a hedge. Virtually any bushy plant or tree can be used to create a decorative or border hedge, but for a true privacy or security hedge thick foliage and quick growth is required. A well cut hedge appears a lot better than a simple row of plants.
For windbreaks, taller and sturdier trees and plants should be used. Mountain laurel, holly and flowering bushes like azaleas are all favorites for windbreaks. Each of these has their own benefits and disadvantages, but all do a comparatively good job of lowering the amount of wind coming through a particular area or down a hill. Erosion management can also be accomplished with an orderly line of those plants, although care should be taken to limit their growth. Massive or top heavy plants can lose their root hold in loose soil or an eroded hill.
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